Since mid-2009, reports of Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS) visits to the homes and even workplaces of people working for social justice have multiplied. In addition to its longstanding and ongoing harassment and intimidation of indigenous peoples, immigrant communities and others, the spy agency has become much more visible in its surveillance of movements for social justice.
The People’s Commission is aware of dozens of such visits in the Montreal area alone. People visited range from writers and artists to staff at advocacy organizations and anarchists living in collective houses. Unannounced, in the morning, the middle of the day or the evening, CSIS agents knock at the door of private homes. Their interest is far ranging: from the tar sands, to the G8, to indigenous organizing, Palestine solidarity, Afghanistan; who you know and what you think. Their very presence is disruptive, their tone can be intimidating, and their questions intrusive, manipulative and inappropriate. They guarantee confidentiality – “just like in security certificate cases” – and invariably ask people to keep quiet about the visit.
The People’s Commission Network advocates total non-collaboration with CSIS. That means refusing to answer questions from CSIS agents, refusing to listen to whatever CSIS may want to tell you, and breaking the silence by speaking out whenever CSIS comes knocking.
If you are in immigration proceedings, or in a vulnerable situation, we strongly advise you to insist that any interview with CSIS be conducted in the presence of a lawyer of your own choosing.
Here are 10 good reasons not to talk – or listen – to CSIS.
Even though CSIS agents do not have powers of arrest and detention, CSIS can and does use information it gathers in seemingly innocuous conversations to write security assessments for immigration applications, detention and deportation under security certificates, various blacklists (the no fly list, border watch lists, etc.1) and other purposes. Innocent comments you make can be taken out of context and misinterpreted, but you will have no opportunity to correct errors, because intelligence information remains secret.2 This can have a serious impact on your life.
Just as CSIS can use your words against you, they can use innocuous things you say against others. In extreme cases, this can lead to situations where people’s lives are at risk. For example, in the case of Maher Arar, security agencies passed on hearsay information to the Americans that not only proved baseless but led to his rendition to Syria. CSIS later led efforts aimed at preventing Mr. Arar’s return to Canada.3 Hearsay information relied on by CSIS certainly contributed to Adil Charkaoui’s six and a half year struggle against arbitrary detention and deportation to torture under a security certificate.4
Moreover, CSIS is known to spread false information about others.5 Listening to CSIS creates doubt and can make people afraid to associate with the targets of rumour-mongering, effectively isolating them.6
You have the right to privacy, to be free from surveillance, harassment and intimidation. Refusing to speak with CSIS is one way of asserting those basic rights; talking with CSIS gives the green light to further intrusion and control. Moreover, the more you tell them, the greater material they have to justify further surveillance.7
Many people believe that, if they cooperate with CSIS, they will be left alone because they “have nothing to hide”. Evidence suggests that the contrary is true. Once you have been identified as a collaborator, CSIS will continue to come back whenever they think you can provide information. The best way to get CSIS to leave you alone is to refuse to collaborate.
People are often tempted to sit down with CSIS out of sheer curiosity. However, CSIS agents are well trained. What they will let you know is what they want you to know; it is deliberate. They may also deliberately spread misinformation either directly or through innuendo and implication. You have no way of knowing if what they’re telling you or leading you to believe is true.
Over the years, CSIS has demonstrated time and again that they lack competence8 and may act in bad faith. CSIS played a key role in bungling the Air India investigation9 (and, according to the Globe and Mail, a CSIS mole may have actually played a role in the bombing);10 they destroyed evidence in the Charkaoui security certificate case;11 they suppressed the fact that a key informant had failed a lie detector in the Harkat and Almrei security certificate cases;12 and they lied to their own oversight body (the Security Intelligence Review Committee—SIRC) in the Bhupinder Liddar case.13
CSIS also routinely engages in unethical tactics of intimidation and harassment in their efforts to recruit informers: visiting people at home and at work unannounced, offering money and favours for information, intimidating those with precarious immigration status,14 intrusive and irrelevant questioning,15 improper identification, discouraging people from contacting lawyers or suggesting that they contact a lawyer chosen by CSIS.16
Information provided to CSIS will not stay with CSIS. The agency admits to having intelligence-sharing agreements with the spy agencies of 147 other countries;17 its contemporary colleagues include the CIA, Mossad, the mukhabarats of Syria, Jordan, Morocco, Sudan and Egypt, Turkey’s MIT and many more. Information sharing continues, despite SIRC’s finding that CSIS “is rarely in a position to determine how information that went to a foreign agency is used, or how information it receives was obtained.”18 Anything you tell CSIS could be shared with one of those other agencies, potentially affecting your travels and family abroad.
CSIS targets entire communities based on profiling, association and racist conceptualizations of “threat” and “national security” 19. Although indigenous peoples,20 queer21 and racialized communities and immigrants22 have long been in the sights of colonial Canada’s security agencies, Muslims and Arabs have been the most heavily targeted groups in recent years.23 Total non-cooperation with CSIS is the best way to oppose racist “threat assessments” and uphold the freedom, rights and security of communities who are being profiled and targeted. Collective non-collaboration will decrease the pressure on more vulnerable persons and groups who might otherwise be too afraid to assert their rights to privacy and silence.
The stated purpose of CSIS is to gather intelligence on any person or group who, in their opinion, might constitute a threat to the security of Canada or to Canadian interests. The highly political question of how CSIS defines “threat”, “security” and “Canadian interests” is rarely, if ever, subject to public debate.24 According to SIRC, for example, CSIS has “displayed a ‘regrettable’ attitude that supporting Arab causes can be suspicious”.25
CSIS surveillance is by no means limited to groups and individuals who are thought to pose a risk of violence. CSIS is explicitly mandated to provide “security assessments” to the government. Security assessments are “an appraisal of the loyalty to Canada and, so far as it relates thereto, the reliability of an individual”.26 This clearly gives CSIS wide ranging authority to collect intelligence and report on anyone whose activities may challenge – or may be perceived to challenge – the status quo in Canada or elsewhere. In practice, we have seen numerous examples of CSIS targeting unions, social justice groups and activists. 27
In short, collaboration with CSIS means participation in the repression of dissent. Over the past ten years, CSIS’s budget has increasedby 140% and its number of employees by almost 40%.28 Political police have no place in our society, and we should not allow them any further legitimacy or room to grow.
By intimidating and harassing individuals,29 casting fear, spreading rumours, isolating leaders, using manipulation based on psychological profiling and recruiting informers or even provacteurs, CSIS can create or exploit divisions between activists and community members and disrupt community organizing and social justice work. 30
Complete non-cooperation with CSIS is the best way to maintain unity and solidarity and continue our work for social justice and supporting members of our various communities in their struggles for justice and against repression.
The People’s Commission Network is a Montreal network monitoring and opposing the “national security agenda”. The network is a space for individuals and groups who face oppression in the name of “national security” – such as indigenous people, immigrants, racialized communities, radical groups, social justice organizations, labour unions – and their allies, to form alliances, share information, and coordinate strategies to defend their full rights and dignity.
Contact the People's Commission Network: QPIRG Concordia - Peoples's Commission Network c/o Concordia University 1455 de Maisonneuve Ouest Montreal, QC, H3G 1M8 firstname.lastname@example.org
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